The skin is the outermost layer of the body. It shields the body from harmful substances that may try to penetrate the body such as harsh weather, chemicals, irritants etc. It is exposed to so many things that may cause damages to it or cause the skin to age faster.
There are three layers of skin; epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis. They all play roles in maintaining the integrity and the general well being of the skin, and for the skin to appear healthy and smooth. The epidermis is the outermost part of the skin; it creates a skin tone and provides a waterproof-like barrier. The dermis is just beneath the epidermis; it contains the sweat glands, hair follicles and connective tissue. The hypodermis contains fat tissue.
Taking care of the skin so that it always appears healthy and smooth is a long and continuous process. It involves using the right type of skincare routine both inside and outside. Many factors such as stress, sun exposure, weather, diet and pollution influences the skin’s health. These factors may affect the skin complexion, cause sagging, wrinkles, roughness, age spots etc.
Here are some tips on how to achieve smooth and healthy skin;
The skin thrives on moisture, it helps balance sebum production, and the skin needs enough moisture both inside and outside for it to appear supple, smooth and young.
So, using a good moisturizer suitable for your skin type is vital. There are different skin types, and the way you care for them also varies. For dry skin, it requires heavy moisturizers and consistent application of it, to restore the skin moisture content and to prevent the skin from drying out and appear less flaky. In contrast, oily skin requires less moisturizer to prevent clogging of the skin pores and requires frequent cleansing, while normal skin requires moderate moisturizing. Ingredients you should look out for when choosing moisturizers for effective hydration of your skin includes; hyaluronic acid, glycerin and ceramides.
For moisturizers to work effectively, it is important to note that moistures are trapped in the skin with oils and butter, they act as sealants, and they help protect the skin. Butters such as cocoa butter, shea butter are good for the skin while oils such as coconut oil, avocado oil, and other essential oils are also good to add to your skincare routine.
For a radiant and glowing smooth skin, exfoliation should be an essential part of your skincare routine. The cells of the skin die off and are constantly replaced; this leaves rough patches on the skin and therefore requires some effort in maintaining the smoothness of the skin by removing those dead cells using exfoliating materials in rejuvenating the skin.
It helps unclog the skin pores and also remove excess oil that may have formed on the skin. This can be done either chemically or mechanically, chemically by using chemical peels, mechanically by using scrubs and sponges.
3. Protecting the skin from the weather
The weather is one of the factors that affect the skin, especially extreme weather conditions. Cold temperatures can cause drying out of the skin, making it appear rough and flaky; it is best to switch products during this period. You can manage this by moisturizing daily. It is also important to wear protective wears during this period, to help prevent the escape of moisture through the skin in cold weathers.
4. Limit hot baths
Hot baths are so enticing and soothing, but they are not good for your skin because they strip the skin off its moisture and lipid layer which protects the skin from dryness and help retain moisture on the skin. When hot water is used, the skin is prone to dryness, making it less smooth and rediant.
Yes! Resting is very important in a skincare regimen. It helps rejuvenate the skin. Resting helps relieve stress which is very harmful to skin health. Sleep is good because the body repairs itself and recovers from stress during sleep. Stress and not getting enough sleep can cause premature ageing and eye bags; this is why getting enough sleep, 8 hours of sleep, is very vital.
6. Proper diet
As it’s widely said, we are what we eat. This is especially true because the body works with what it is provided with. Eating a proper and balanced diet helps improve the skin making it smooth and healthy. Some foods make the skin supple and smooth. Foods like fruits and vegetables are good for the skin and also foods that are rich in antioxidants. They help boost the skin’s defences against free radicals that affect the skin, which causes ageing, wrinkle etc., and they also help repair the skin.
7. Regular exercise
Exercise improves blood circulation, which helps circulate micronutrients to the skin, and helps to speed the rate of repairs of the skin. It is also good because exercise makes you sweat, and it helps unclog pores of the skin caused by debris.
8. Avoid sun
The Uv rays coming from the sun is responsible for so many skin damages such as skin discolouration, dark patches, sunburn, destruction of collagen and elastin that the skin connective tissue is made up of. The use of protective wears while going under the sun is very important such as sunscreen. Using sunscreen with SPF 30 helps protect the skin, use of UV umbrella while going under the sun, avoid direct sun contact if possible.
Getting smoother and healthier skin is achievable when skincare routine is taken seriously and practised consistently while using the right product suitable for your skin type. It also requires eating healthy and taking the right of fluids daily. Treating and taking care of any skin problem such as acne, rash eczema, etc., is highly necessary for achieving smooth and healthy skin.